In a 1988 Sight And Sound interview, Patricia Highsmith talks about film adaptations of her novels, from Strangers On A Train (1950) to The American Friend (1977)
Posted August 5, 2010
about the nature of the modern Romance heroine are legion. She’s a
placeholder. She’s an expression of modern femininity. She’s an
aspect of human personality for the writer to explore. Okay, sure.
Those sound good. But the basic truth about the heroine is simple:
she’s the point.
The heroine is what it’s all about. And she powers the whole
billion-plus-dollar Romance industry. So it’s time to become
acquainted with some of her most common disguises. A few caveats:
-These categories are wide ranges, not tickbox lists of personality
-The sliding Golden/Dark scale, which you’ll remember has nothing to do
with ‘good’ or bad’, applies to heroines as well. Though her
spot on the scale sometimes has as much to do with the events that unfold around her as with her own inner drives.
-No matter what category a heroine falls into, or what point on the
scale she touches, Nora Roberts has written her. Seriously.
Believe it or not, this has little to do with sexual status – rather, it’s about how the heroines regard the world. Which is with wonder, delight, and a belief in the power of good. They’re aware of the dangers and drudgeries of daily life, but Innocents are never made cynical by them. They look for the best in themselves and others, and often find it. At her best, the Innocent relieves pain and spreads joy; badly written, she’s a clueless naif, the kind readers call, Too Stupid To Live.
Golden Innocents: Merry Wilding from The Windflower by Laura London; Emily Faringdon from Scandal by Amanda Quick.
Dark Innocents: Annique Villiers from The Spymaster’s Lady by Joanna Bourne; Angeline Fortin from Royal Seduction by Jennifer Blake.
Nora Roberts Golden Innocent: Adelia Cunnane from Irish
Nora Roberts Dark Innocent: Darcy Wallace fromThe Winning Hand.
Earth Mother is just too last century). She’s everybody’s best
friend. She’s the good daughter, the model employee, the giver who
dispenses ease and wisdom to those around her. The Caretaker mends
fences and feelings, and makes a house a home. She makes sure
everyone else’s lives run smoothly – occasionally at the expense of
her own. At her best, she’s near magical in her ability to soothe
and comfort. Badly written, she’s a stubborn martyr.
Jessie Benedict from Sweet
by Jayne Ann Krentz; Elena Baxter from Shadow
by Marjorie M. Liu.
Dawn Sheffield from The
Fire of Spring
by Elizabeth Lowell; Sophie Davis from Still
by Anne Stuart.
Laurel McBane from Savor
NR Dark Caretaker:
Lily Mercy from Montana
heroines are trapped. They could be tied down by fiscal or family
responsibilities; by their own self perceptions; by past emotional
defeats. Sometimes they’re afraid to step out of their particular
comfort zones; sometimes they may not even know they’re Prisoners.
They endure rather than enjoy their lives. Included in this category
is the buttoned-up business woman who needs to let it all hang out,
and the abuse survivor who is slowly putting herself back together.
At her best, she’s a source of strength and inspiration; badly
written, she’s joyless and self-pitying.
Sarah Patterson from Golden
by Joan Wolf; Minerva Dobbs from Bet
Me by Jennifer Crusie.
Jane Sherwood, from Mistress
of the Groom
by Susan Napier; Anne Wilder from All
Through the Night
by Connie Brockway.
Nell Channing from Dance
Upon the Air.
NR Dark Prisoner:
Princess Adrianne of Jaquir from Sweet
The Empress is in charge, and she knows it. She makes the rules, for
others and for herself. She doesn’t just carry a lot of
responsibilities, she thrives on them. The Empress fully exercises
all aspects of her personality: her intellect, her emotions, her
sexuality. She likes admiration just fine, but she requires respect
as her due, which she earns with dedication and hard work. At her
best she is immensely responsible and dazzling; badly written she’s
vain, selfish and demanding.
Jessica Trent from Lord
by Loretta Chase; Sophy Stanton-Lacy from The
by Georgette Heyer.
Kirra Danalustrous from Thirteenth
by Sharon Shinn; Princess Melanthe from For
My Lady’s Heart
by Laura Kinsale.
NR Golden Empress: Mia Devlin from Face the Fire.
NR Dark Empress: Margo Sullivan from Daring
This is a fighter, pure and simple. Not necessarily physically, though
nowadays she often does that too. But the Warrior is one who stands
up for those who can’t. She might be a doctor fighting disease; a
lawyer trying to free the innocent; a social worker trying to help a
child. Or firefighter, cop, or even a soldier. At her best she is
passionate, dedicated, and highly effective. Badly written, she’s
blindly aggressive and does as much damage to her allies as to her
Golden Warriors: Maggie Ferringer from
by Alicia Scott; Sara Fielding from Dreaming of You by Lisa Kleypas.
Dark Warriors: Lily Yu from Tempting Danger by Eileen Wilkes; Jane Whitcomb from Lover Unbound by J.R. Ward.
NR Warrior: Although Nora has written several Warrior heroines, one stands above them all: Eve Dallas, from the ‘In Death’ series. The horrifying
trauma of her past makes Eve a Dark Warrior; her unflinching determination to obtain justice for the dead makes her Golden. She is the epitome of the Warrior archetype, and a fitting place to stop.
Chris Szego would like to go swimming now, please.